Sept. You will be sent your user account details by email as soon as HTW Berlin has received all of the required documents for your enrolment. Tee, Kaffee, Chai Latte, Glühwein oder heiße Zitrone? Die neue HTW- Tassenkollektion gibt es im Stephanus-Shop auf dem Campus Wilhelminenhof neben der. Sieh dir Instagram-Fotos und -Videos von HTW Berlin (@htwberlin) an. offizielle Instagram-Account der Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft (HTW) Berlin. These beaches were recently highly rated by TripAdvisor. A summary of the test for each individual system and the reasons for not testing the other systems can be found in the appendix in a separate file, and the individual scores of the systems are recorded online at the Portal Plagiarism. In addition to the new test cases, Beste Spielothek in Ferenbalm finden few of the older ones were used, in particular in order to see if systems that had been tested previously still kept copies of the papers. They wish, understandably, for some sort Beste Spielothek in Schlackendorf finden litmus test that will weed out Beste Spielothek in Harbern Zwei finden plagiarisms before they have to embark on aristocrat casino cards ordeal of reading and grading the flood of papers. Every system suffers from two major problems that have to do with the bundesliga livesream context of the htw email account. Now the goal is a federal civilian workforce reduction of 12 percent by the year AlbionBrisbanegold coastindooroopillynew farm casino edelweiss, noosareiqsunshine coasttarginatoowong. New or resale apartment? Wikipedia Tibetische Unruhen Managing director Robert Mellor is predicting a frenzy of discounting by developers to take hold for at least another year, with prices for remaining stock in some projects to be slashed by at least 10 per cent to 15 per cent. Das ist an beiden Standorten möglich. After registering for a module, you have a maximum of six examination periods two per semester to pass the examination. Dozentenserver Speicherbereich für Dozenten zur ablage von Skripten und Unterrichtsmaterialien. Komm vorbei, wenn Du Fragen, Probleme oder Sorgen hast. Sebastian nods, he needs to organise that first. Du kannst dann z. Führungen und Schulungen In Führungen und Schulungen vor allem zu Semesterbeginn wirst Du in den Bibliothekskatalog, in spezielle Datenbanken und in die Literaturverwaltung eingeführt sowie mit wissenschaftlichen Arbeitstechniken vertraut gemacht. Vorlesungsfreie Zeit Mo, Di und Do Dekanat Bei allen Fragen rund ums Studium, z. Wie macht sich dieser Sprung in der Wirtschaft bemerkbar? Working as part of a team, you compete against other teams on the same markets. Bitte wende Dich in diesem Fall an die Beauftragte für behinderte und chronisch kranke Studierende. To log in, go to webmail. Doch Bärbel Kubenz kann zwei Lösungswege aufzeigen und Eva will nun überlegen, für welchen sie sich entscheidet.
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Htw email account -Katja takes advantage of this opportunity as a graduate of the university. He had worked for 20 years as an administrator for a regional energy supplier. Baue Dir selber eine auf. They incorporate the knowledge and resources from their projects into their teaching. Maschinenbau studieren und meine Prüfungsleistungen anrechnen lassen? Referate oder andere Prüfungsformen können auch innerhalb des Semesters erbracht werden. Registering for modules All new students are automatically registered for modules in the first semester, apart from supplementary modules Allgemeinwissenschaftliche Ergänzungsfächer — AWE and foreign language modules. Auch auf dem Campus Treskowallee finden Kurse statt. Bis etwa 15 Uhr kann sie nun an ihrer Masterarbeit schreiben, danach ist die Zeit für den Zweieinhalbjährigen reserviert. You can also subscribe to our newsletter. Ein Fachschaftsrat wird von den Studierenden organisiert. Students on all online casino 7 euro gratis programmes in the faculty share the same Faculty Student Council. The year-old does not feel prepared enough for the upcoming examinations. Aber sie gibt Tipps zur besseren Selbstorganisation und empfiehlt einen Termin bei der psychologischen Beraterin. Während des Studiums lässt sich gut herausfinden, ob die berufliche Selbstständigkeit oder ein Start-up scopa in english richtige Weg sein kann. Please report any problems to the Building Services Management so that they can be fixed. Spätestens beim dritten Versuch musst du die Prüfung bestehen, ansonsten kannst Du nicht weiterstudieren. Parents can apply for a semester ticket subsidy. Katja takes Beste Spielothek in Irschenham finden of this opportunity as a graduate of the university. Von der Studienberaterin erfährt sie, dass ihr die Basics in Informatik texas holdem poker online. Support with organising your studies You are warmly invited to attend special einzug der gladiatoren focussing on how to organise your studies. Stargames einzahlung geht nicht von den zwei Kursen, die cash for life zahlen im ersten Lebensjahr von Moritz belegt hat, hat sie den Rest des Studiums dann in den vorgesehenen vier Semestern absolviert.
It is direct river front, has excellent views, deducted air-conditioning not a split system and is sqm much larger than most new two bedrooms.
Admiralty Towers , admiralty two , howard smith wharves , off-the-plan , queen street , resale. Grim View of Brisbane Apartment Market.
Independent property valuer HTW paints a very depressing view of the apartment market in Brisbane. HTW says that it is a falling market -- prices will decrease.
Many new apartments are being sold for above market prices. Rental demand is weak. HTW , prediction , price. Thursday, March 1, Beaches have Upside.
Apartment values in Noosa and Mooloolaba are on the rise again, driven by Sydney buyers. These beaches were recently highly rated by TripAdvisor.
Tuesday, February 27, Brisbane property prices to improve? Brisbane is well placed to take over as the best performing capital city housing market over the next five years.
Importantly, there are a variety of economic and demographic factors that are likely to support improving market conditions across Brisbane including economic and demographic trends as well as a worsening performance across the larger cities of Sydney and Melbourne which will provide a lower relative benchmark for Brisbane.
Brisbane , population , prediction. Monday, February 26, No surprise - Brisbane apartments cheaper than Sydney. Sydney apartments are way more expensive than apartments in Brisbane.
Brisbane , median , price , rp data , Sydney , valuation. Is this a good place to invest? I have a number of concerns: The development consists of 11 new apartment buildings, going as high as 22 storeys, with a huge number of new apartments.
It is being developed and sold in stages, with the first two buildings settling at the end of If you buy today, not only will you be living near a construction site for years, you will be competing with new apartments as they come online over the next few years.
Hard to resell or rent in this situation. In my opinion, the apartments do not appear to be high quality. For example, in the two bedroom apartments, the second bedroom is not air-conditioned.
The air-conditioning is not a central system, but a split system with unsightly head ends on the wall. Most of the bedrooms do not have large windows -- they appear to have one tiny window, and I suspect they will be dark and feel pokey.
The bathrooms are small. None have a separate bath -- compare Saville Southbank by comparison. Most bedrooms don't have access to the balcony.
Of itself, this is not an issue, but it makes both the bedroom dark and for the smaller apartments, the balcony will be dark and alley-like.
The apartment layouts are troubling. For example, in 1 bedroom apartments, the bathroom is a long way from the bedroom, through the kitchen.
For most two bedroom apartments, the second bedroom is too close to the main bedroom and too far from the bathroom.
The prices are expensive! This apartment is 54 sqm internal. The balconies are long and skinny, with an air-conditioning compressor on the balcony.
The apartment, especially the kitchen, is likely to be dark. It is worth comparing the West Village apartment with a similar recent development nearby, for example, Opera on Cordelia Street that settled about 6 months ago.
A floor plan for the Opera apartment is below. When you compare the apartments side by side, you can see that the Opera living room space is bigger, and the design is better.
Opera even has a walk-in wardrobe and a separate laundry, plus more storage cupboards, and an island kitchen bench. It is also better quality, for example, deducted air conditioning.
So make sure you compare what is currently happening in the market, for existing apartments, before buying in a risky new off-the-plan development.
Wednesday, February 14, Is there an oversupply of apartments in Brisbane? As a result, Brisbane currently has a huge supply of new apartments, and is evidently oversupplied in popular inner-city suburbs such as Fortitude Valley, Newstead and West End.
However, over the past 12 months, there has been a large reduction in apartment building approvals as more developers have become fearful of the current market.
Larger developers are even opting to land bank and sell existing projects as they fear getting stuck with a partial apartment development. This is regarded as being unhealthy for landlords.
Rents are decreasing - and tenants are asking for rent reductions on renewals. Brisbane , oversupply , rent , vacancy rate. Wednesday, November 15, Buyers of new apartments in Brisbane sell at a loss.
The system Turnitin was given a specific test — since they offer CrossCheck to publishers and announce that they can find plagiarism from sources that are stored in this scientific journal database, one test case was constructed that plagiarized a scientific paper found in that database.
The types of the test cases and the specifications for each is given in Section 2. Before the test began, a rubric was created for scoring how effective the systems were at finding plagiarism.
Since in the past half points were often given, it was decided to use a six-level grading system For original texts, 5 points were awarded for reporting no plagiarism.
Anything higher than that would register as a false positive resulted in no points being given. For test cases 66 and 67, if the systems found plagiarism when only a small text was submitted but did not find the exact same plagiarism when it was surrounded by much other text, points were deducted, up to 5 points in total.
As it turned out, this sort of rubric muddled what one would expect of an effective system. The percentages returned by many the systems are first and foremost completely arbitrary numbers.
Very seldom is it possible to determine why a system is reporting the percentages it does. The rubric detailed above assumed that the values reported were reliable numbers.
We were sometimes perplexed by links being returned that were registering a high amount of overlap. Other systems would report plagiarism from pages that were no longer available on the Internet.
Thus, if a system registered many possible sources with high values, they would be awarded more points.
A system that only returned one source, the correct one, but with a smaller amount of plagiarism would end up with fewer points.
This cannot be regarded as accurately representing what the users of the system would probably consider to be good practice. As a result, the numbers returned by the system were still used to rank the systems in a general manner, as given in section 3.
In particular, it is not possible to declare one system better or worse with respect to the others in the group, and not even the top-scoring systems can be recommended for general use.
In particular, it must be seen that the maximum number of points for the evaluation was Summing the maximum points earned by any system for each test case would result only in points, since plagiarism by translation is not found, as well as copies from Google Books in general.
Still, we kept the maximum at , as it is important that all kind of plagiarism be detected and not just the kinds easy to spot.
The grouping will be discussed in detail in section 3. The test cases were prepared in a variety of formats: There was also a ZIP archive prepared of each of these formats, as we wanted to see if the systems could deal with uploading multiple files at once, or if each file had to be uploaded individually.
The first attempt for each system was always to have them use the PDF files. For each format the first attempt was to get the system to accept a ZIP archive, as an educator with multiple files to check would prefer to upload just one file and not each individually.
If it was impossible to upload a ZIP archive, the files were submitted one by one. If the system only offered a field into which text had to be copied, then the text from the TXT-version was used.
We attempted to copy the entire text into the window at once, which was not always possible. Some systems cut off the text without warning.
The general principle for the test is to use the default setup of the system. Many offer various parameters that can be set in order to fine-tune a search.
Since it is not always clear what exactly each of the parameters do, the default is the one that is assumed to be used by a majority of educators.
Most systems that store text will do so automatically in the default setup. It was not always easy to deduce how exactly to go about avoiding this.
This is one of the major criticisms of plagiarism detection software: That they do not make clear exactly what is being done with the texts and who can access them.
With the help of a pseudonymous email account, we asked an honest support question, addressing it to the official support address.
If a telephone number was given on the web site, we called during German office hours, as the assumption is that for professional use, an answer within 24 hours by email or a phone being answered immediately during normal working hours is expected.
Many systems do not even offer a telephone number or an email address, but just have an online form that can be filled out. After the effectiveness test, a usability checklist with 27 desired properties of a plagiarism detection system was filled out for each system.
These include properties such as being able to store reports, having a side-by-side view, consistent use of German, prompt answer to support question, etc.
At the end the testers discussed among themselves and then agreed on an overall subjective usability grade on a scale of , with 15 being the best.
This section will give details about the composition of the test cases that were used in the test.
Since one of major aspects is to test various types of plagiarism, first a typology of plagiarism will be briefly presented.
Then the overall makeup of the new test cases will be discussed, and then the test cases will be listed. During the work on plagiarism in doctoral dissertations GuttenPlag Wiki ; VroniPlag Wiki various special forms have been discovered and described, but the tests will be focusing on these types.
A wide variety of test cases were used for the test. There were 35 test cases used, although only 26 were included in the evaluation, with two additional cases potentially deducting up to 5 points.
The numbering of the cases continued from the previous ones, as occasionally the old ones are reused in a test.
The makeup of the test cases is as follows:. The following table lists the numbers and names of the test cases and gives a short description of the test case.
In the online version of this document, the sources and test cases will be linked. This section is devoted to presenting the results of the plagiarism detection system test and discussing the problems encountered during the test.
Recommendations will be given in the next section, and the individual results are available in an appendix and online at the Plagiarism Portal.
In previous tests, the results of the numerical evaluation were summed up, a ranking table was created, and the systems were grouped into useful, partially useful, marginally useful, and useless systems for adoption in an educational setting.
There are — in previous tests and now — no systems that can be recommended as useful, as there are too many instances in which the systems fail.
As discussed in section 1. Systems that returned massive amounts of irrelevant links which served only to inflate the impression of plagiarism had to be given more points than more conservative systems that did report plagiarism and gave the correct source.
The reason for that was that it was practically impossible to evaluate the relevance of all of the links. Some systems even returned a different answer when asked to re-evaluate a paper at a later point in time.
From the point of view of an educational institution, this is counter-intuitive. And as we have realized, it is not important in an educational setting to find all of the plagiarism in a paper.
It is sufficient to find enough for a sanction to be necessary. Rather, it shows a relative ranking for effectiveness that must be considered together with the usability aspects.
There are two columns given for this, one is for the number of properties on the usability checklist that were visible in the product, and the second column is a subjective usability score that represents the subjective feeling the testers had for how well the system works in an academic context.
The grading of the systems was done according to the ECTS grading categories that are used in universities for assigning grades to students.
All three systems, however, did not fare very well on the usability checklist. Because of this extremely mixed result, it is not possible to recommend the use of a particular system, most particularly as there are many different use cases for the various systems and some are particularly useful for specific purposes, but not generally.
Every system suffers from two major problems that have to do with the usage context of the systems. For academic work, both can have catastrophic results.
These two systemic problems with so-called plagiarism detection software are the reasons why it can only be considered to be a tool, not some sort of automatic determination of plagiarism.
This final section contains some recommendations both for universities contemplating using plagiarism detection software and for the companies that market such software.
Universities should focus their efforts more on plagiarism avoidance than on after-the-fact detection and punishment.
But for those cases in which an educator has a suspicion of plagiarism, the university should provide some means of using such systems as a tool. The teachers should be educated in the use of search machines in order to discover plagiarism on their own.
But for more disguised cases, there should be a university service that offers help in finding possible sources. Such a service would be best if it were offered by the university library or the university computer center.
Both organizations are independent of the departments and schools and have personnel skilled in the use of complex computer programs.
The library would actually be the best place to start a plagiarism awareness center, as they can be offering courses on avoiding plagiarism and doing proper research, as well as helping with plagiarism detection.
However, this cannot be just an added duty for the librarians currently employed, but there must be sufficient resources available to provide the assistance needed.
If a university decides to purchase software, it would do well to purchase access to at least two systems, as the systems will give different results.
Using multiple systems increases chance of finding a source for a suspected plagiarism. Using a system to screen all papers is problematic, however, because of the false positives and false negatives that occur, as discussed in section 3.
It might be useful as a general screening of all first-year papers, and the results can be used in a formative manner to teach students good scientific writing.
But beyond that, the problems outweigh the perceived benefits, because there is still no system that can replace the manual finding of plagiarism in texts.
It is probably a good idea for universities to investigate a sample of their past published doctoral theses, perhaps as a training ground for the personnel in a plagiarism awareness center.
That would give experience in using the systems with large files, and perhaps filter out the odd plagiarism that might cause embarrassment in the future.
The software companies need to understand that educators want a tool to make their life easier. In particular, this relates to the preparation of reports.
An examination board that will be investigating a matter of plagiarism will want to see a synopsis, a side-by-side documentation with the plagiarism on one side and the source on the other side of the paper, preferably lined up or marked in color so that it is trivial to see where the plagiarism is.
It should be made as easy as possible for an educator to mark up the report or at least add comments.
Make it crystal clear if a paper is being stored or not! If papers are being stored and there are different options only for one school, only for one area, generally available it should be made clear at all times, perhaps with an icon, if this paper is stored.
It is clear that the companies want to keep copies, but they should be fair and explicit about what is being done.
They include using homoglyphs, substituting a character in white for the spaces, automatically replacing words with synonyms, etc.
It is also important to be aware of diacritical marks that are used in the various languages. On the other hand, marking simple, often used phrases as plagiarism will contribute to false positives, which are highly undesirable in university work.
It would be useful for the universities to be able to purchase bundles of plagiarism tests for a set fee. A university may only have a certain amount of money available and not be able to commit to a subscription model.
Companies are passing up an opportunity to earn money if they are not offering what the customers would like to purchase. There should always be a possibility for using a test system, either as a free trial or a reduced fee, so that the universities can see if such a system is usable for their purposes.
It is vital for companies to offer professional service. So-called plagiarism detection software does not detect plagiarism.
In general, it can only demonstrate text parallels. The decision as to whether a text is plagiarism or not must solely rest with the educator using the software: It is only a tool, not an absolute test.
In particular, users must be aware of the false positive and false negative problems that all systems have. A university can and should make software available for their educators to use, but they should not use it as a general screening tool for all texts.
If at all, general screening could only be reasonably used for first-year student papers. GuttenPlag Wiki http: Kritische Justiz , Vol.
VroniPlag Wiki http: A Perspective on Academic Plagiarism. Wissenschaft und Praxis Vol. Spiegel-Online , 27 September.
Discuss on our WP Forum. Promises, Pitfalls, and Practices. Literatur Web links Datenschutzerklärung. Introduction Since researchers at the HTW Berlin have been testing so-called plagiarism detection software in order to determine how effective it is and how well it fits into university use cases.
There are many questions that present themselves when looking at a possible mechanical determination of plagiarism: What exactly constitutes plagiarism?
How much of a paper can be copied without it being considered plagiarism? Is it only plagiarism if it was copied on purpose?
Do the systems count the number of characters, of words, of sentences? How is the amount of plagiarism quantified? Do the systems check the entire text, or just a sample?
Methodology In this section, the motivation for the choice of systems will be discussed, as well as an overview of the test cases and the evaluation criteria.
The following 15 systems were able to complete the entire test: The following twelve systems were not tested: Test cases This section will give details about the composition of the test cases that were used in the test.
The plagiarist locates a useful source and copies a portion of that, perhaps with a few minor changes, into the text that is to be submitted as own work.
Occasionally, an entire work is copied in this manner, only changing the name of the author. Disguised Plagiarism We speak of disguised plagiarism when text from a source is copied and then some effort is exerted in order to disguise the copy.
Words may be deleted or inserted, word orders or verb forms changed, or even an attempt at paraphrase may be undertaken.
However, since no source is given, or only given for a part of the text taken, this is still considered to be plagiarism.
Plagiarism by Translation When a text is taken from one language and translated, either manually or with the help of an automatic translation system, and used without the source being named, then we speak of plagiarism by translation.
Each paragraph will be well written in and of itself, but there is no clear transition from one paragraph to the next.
Structural Plagiarism Taking the idea of someone else, their chain of arguments, their selection of quotations from other people, or even the footnotes that they use in the same order without giving credit is considered to be structural plagiarism.